Calf strain and physical therapy

It is an injury in which muscles of the back of your lower leg below the knee especially are affected it is mostly caused by minor wear and tear of muscle fibers usually the bulk of tissue remains intact in this condition

But sometimes in the very severe condition, the muscle is completely torn and its function is lost but it occurs in very rare conditions
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Calf Strain Symptoms

a calf strain is really easy to identify as in this condition when you stretch your calf or you try to walk  you feel a  sudden and very sharp pain at the back of your leg in addition to that at the area of muscle strain the swelling and tenderness can also be observed

It is a very painful condition as you almost become unable to walk because of your pain and many of the works are your compromised strain is of three types depending on the degree of damage

Types of injury

Grade I calf strain

Very little to mild pain almost no disability to move the leg

Grade II calf strain 

Medium amount of discomfort and pain.  activities such as running and jumping are limited but walking can be still done in this condition you may feel swelling and bruising

Grade III calf strain

A lot of discomfort with swear pain almost a person is  unable to walk muscle spasm swelling and significant bruising occurs

Anatomy of Calf Strains

Calf muscles run from your knee to your ankle and the Achilles tendon connects your calf muscles to your heel bone.

 The calf muscle is comprised of two major muscles: 

  • Two-headed gastrocnemius muscle 
  • The soleus muscle

A calf strain is a tear to any one of these two muscles most of the time this injury occurs in the gastrocnemius muscle; this muscle is on the inner side of our leg muscle. Fibers can tear when a muscle is overstrained in almost all conditions but it’s some fibers are strained and the whole muscle is not ruptured
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Treatment for calf strain


Get sufficient rest after the injury this will help in the muscle healing process coordinate your activities by your pain avoid any activity which elevates the symptoms

Calf muscle stretching

A gentle stretch on calf muscle is helpful but it must not be stretched to the limit that it becomes more painful excessive stretching can cause more harm and slow down the healing process

Icing the injury

Apply ice packs within the first 48 hours of the injury and also apply them after activities so it will slow the blood flow there and the swelling will be reduced significantly

Physical therapy: 

A physical therapist can help you throughout the treatment and speed up your recovery process exercise-based therapy is significantly helpful in calves sprain modalities like ultrasound or proper hand massage can also be used by your physical therapist if your injury is grade 3 then it is an essential step to that physical therapy sessions regularly so that you can find the right treatment for your condition and cure your injury 

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