It is a type of physical therapy in which the mucus is cleared from the lungs and respiratory tract by the usage of varied methods and techniques. These are effective for normalizing the breathing of patients. It’s also known as respiratory physical therapy
A respiratory physical therapist helps patients to normalize the breathing and depress symptoms of several diseases such as asthma and chronic bronchitis.
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A respiratory physical therapist can create almost all the diseases related to respiratory tract muscles some of the diseases which require respirator physical therapy are
- Cystic fibrosis
- muscular dystrophy,
- cerebral palsy
- spinal cord injury
- Artificial ventilation
- Heart attack
Typically physical therapy is done multiple times in patients with respiratory disorders six techniques are mostly used for the treatment of pulmonary disorders
- Postural drainage
In this technique, gravity is used as a tool for draining mucus from the respiratory tract. In it, different Positions are used for draining mucus but in all techniques, the chest is lowered and the hips are in an elevated position.
- Chest Percussion
It is the technique in which the chest and back and below the arms are clapped or hit softly so by this technique hardened mucus is transferred from small airways to large airways from where it can be expelled easily. This technique is mostly used in children
- Controlled coughing
In this technique, the patient is advised to cough in a controlled manner so that the mucus can be cleared from the airways
- Deep breathing
In this technique, a patient is advised to take deep breaths so that equal and effective distribution of air takes place in the respiratory tract
This technique is very much similar to postural drainage. In this technique, a patient is turned repeatedly from left to right or in a circular motion. This helps to expand lungs promote the drainage
- Vibratory techniques
This technique is applied to a patient who is already performing deep breathing exercises. In this light pressure is applied by machine or by hand. This is similar to clapping and can help in the breakage of mucus in the respiratory tract
The most essential need of a human body is Oxygen without breathing a person can die in just 2 to 3 minutes. Respiratory physical therapists help patients regain their ability to breathe and live a healthy life with respiratory disorders as well.
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