Muscle strain and physical therapy

Muscle strain is a condition in which fibers of muscles are torn because of excessive stretch or excessive weight-bearing. In it, more mechanical force is applied to the body than muscle can bear. Muscle strain is equal to a ligament sprain learn more…

Muscle injury classifications

Depending on the type of muscle affected and degree of fibers destroyed the muscle strain can be classified into three types

  • Grade 1 injury

In it, a  limited number of fibers are affected and the degree of movement of muscles is not affected as such. Even pain and tenderness are not felt immediately but the symptoms are felt after 24 to 48 hours

  • Grade 2 injury

In this type of injury, almost half of the muscle fibers are torn. In addition, the degree of movement is compromised as well. Pain and tenderness is immediately filled in muscle

  • Grade 3 injury

In it, the muscle is completely torn and the degree of movement become zero followed by excessive pain which worsens with time
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Common causes of muscle sprain are

  • No warming up before physical extreme activity
  • Picking something heavy in an inappropriate position
  • Putting more weight on muscle than muscle can bear
  • Fatigue
  • Sports like tennis or rowing
  • Poor posture


The most common symptoms of a muscle strain are

  • Sudden onset of swear pain depending on the degree of damage
  • Soreness of muscles
  • Bruises
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Compromise degree of mobilization
  • Muscle spasms
  • stiffness in the area


The only treatment for a muscle strain that can reduce the symptoms and can help to achieve the original degree of mobilization is physical therapy. Depending on the type of injury physical therapist suggest treatment

  • Grade 1 injury

In almost all cases grade  1 injury is not identified by a patient and only mild pain is experienced in addition to that without any treatment this type of injury covers

  • Grade 2 injury

This type of injury is immediately detected by a patient because of pain. Dip treatment for 2nd-grade injury involves applying ice immediately. Applying compression and elevating the affected area immediately. Physical therapists can guide you about the temperature and duration of cryotherapy

  • Grade 3 injury

As you already know in this type of injury the muscle is completely torn so its treatment requires more expensive physical therapy. In addition to applying ice and compression, several other physical therapy techniques such as usage of infrared rays and massage techniques are done if the entry is third-grade injury
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