Multiple sclerosis and physical therapy

It is an autoimmune disorder. In It, the body reacts against the beneficial component of the nervous system which is the myelin sheath. There are three benefits of the  myelin sheath

  • Conduction through this sheath requires less energy
  • Nerve impulses are conducted at a speed of 120 meters per second
  •  Other Neurons and not activated because of the  myelin sheath

Because of the destruction of the protective sheet, the signals are not transported properly from the  brain to body parts and from the  body to the brain and it can lead to slow functioning of the  body as well as permanent damage to nerves
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The exact cause of developing multiple sclerosis is still unknown but it is believed that multiple factors such as environmental factors and inherited factors may lead to multiple sclerosis in this disease our  neurons the most sensitive part of our body is exposed because of deterioration of myelin sheath

  • There is no fixed age for the  development of multiple sclerosis but it is observed that it mostly develops in the tenure of 20 to 40 years of age
  • If we talk about sex then women are more likely to be diagnosed with multiple sclerosis as compared to men and there is no scientific reason behind this
  • If your parents are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis or your siblings then there’s also an increased risk of you getting multiple sclerosis
  • Infections were also seen to trigger multiple sclerosis in the  body
  • Autoimmune disorders such as diabetes type 1 can also be  one of the factors for the  development of multiple sclerosis but its risk is very low
  • We can say  multiple sclerosis is a race dependent disease because Northern Eastern people are more likely to develop it similarly people living in colder climates are also more exposed to the disease
  • If your diet is low in vitamin D and you are not getting enough sunlight then you can also develop multiple sclerosis
  • Smoking is also one of the causes of multiple sclerosis
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Signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis may vary greatly from person to person depending on the degree of damage and personal body type some of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are

  • the feeling of numbness or weakness in lower and upper limbs
  • Unable to maintain proper gait
  • Loss of vision or blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  •  Muscle Weakness
  •  Slurred Speech
  • Muscle spasms 
  • Partial or complete paralysis
  • Epilepsy
  • Bladder bowel and sexual dysfunctions

How a physical therapist can help

It is a neurological disorder and like many other neurological disorders that can’t be cured completely its symptoms can be depressed by using different medicines and physical therapy treatments. The most effective treatment for multiple sclerosis is medication therapy and physical therapy. In Physical therapy, a physical therapist treats you with different gate stabilizing and muscle strengthening exercises. A  physical therapist also guides you on how to cope with the changes in your body and how to use assistive devices such as a cane or a stick.
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